Biography of Anselm Kiefer

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b. 1945, Donaueschingen, Germany

Born on March 8.
After a year of studying law, begins to study art with Peter Dreher at the Albert-
Ludwigs-Universität in Freiburg, Germany.
Continues his studies at the Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Karlsruhe, Germany.
Makes a series of photographs titled Besetzungen , in which he photographs himself performing a Nazi salute in different places in Europe.
Has his first solo show, at Galerie am Kaiserplatz in Karlsruhe, Germany.
Enrolls at the Staatliche Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, where he will meet Joseph Beuys.
Creates a series of large-scale paintings featuring the cavernous wood-lined attic space of his former studio in Höpfingen, Germany.
Exhibits at Galerie Michael Werner in Cologne.
Has a solo show at the Bonner Kunstverein in Bonn.
Participates in Documenta 6 in Kassel, Germany.
Exhibits at the Kunsthalle Bern.
An exhibition of Kiefer's work is mounted by the Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum in Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
Kiefer's Verbrennen, verholzen, versenken, versanden cycle provokes controversy when it is shown in the German Pavilion at the XXXIX Biennale di Venezia .
Exhibits at the Museum Folkwang in Essen, Germany.
The show later travels to the Whitechapel Art Gallery in London.
Participates in Documenta 7 in Kassel, Germany.
Exhibits at the Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf. The show later travels to the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris and the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
Exhibits at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam.
A solo exhibition of Kiefer's work opens at the Art Institute of Chicago and later travels to the Philadelphia Museum of Art; the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles; and the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
Participates in Documenta 8 in Kassel, Germany.
Completes Zweistromland/The High Priestess (begun in 1985), comprising two 26-foot-long shelves on which are arranged two hundred books made of lead.
Receives the Wolf Prize from the Wolf Foundation in Jerusalem and the Kaiserring prize from the city of Goslar, Germany.
Exhibits at the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin.
Moves to Barjac, France.
Exhibits at Marian Goodman Gallery in New York.
Among the works on display is 20 Jahre Einsamkeit , an enormous pile of his works made between 1971 and 1991.
Exhibits at the Sezon Museum of Art in Tokyo. The show later travels to the Kyoto National Museum of Art and to the Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art.
Begins a series of monumental paintings on the cosmos.
Exhibits at Kukje Gallery in Seoul.
The Centro Cultural de Arte Contemporáneo in Mexico City organizes an exhibition of his work.
Begins a series of paintings of archaic desert architectures.
Exhibits at the Museo Correr in Venice and the Museo di Capodimonte in Naples.
Kiefer's work is included in the inaugural exhibition of the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, The Guggenheim Museums and the Art of This Century.
The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid presents an exhibition of Kiefer's work.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York organizes a retrospective of his works on paper.
Receives the Praemium Imperiale for painting, awarded by the Japan Art Association.
2000 Exhibits at the National Gallery in London.
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao presents an exhibition of works from the artist's private collection.
Exhibits at the Fondation Beyeler in Basel, the Louisiana Museum for Moderne Kunst in Humlebaek, Denmark, and the Royal Academy of Arts in London (of which he is an
honorary member).
Named Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French government.
Exhibits at the Museo Archeologico Nazionale in Naples.
The exhibition Heaven and Earth opens at the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth in Fort Worth, Texas, and later travels to the Musée d'Art Contemporain de Montréal, the
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
Participates in Homage to Chillida at the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, where the exhibition Passages: Beuys, Darboven, Kiefer, Richter is presented later in the year.
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao presents the exhibition Anselm Kiefer , curated by Germano Celant, which includes a selection of works created over the previous ten years.
White Cube in London presents Aperiatur terra , featuring a new body of work by Kiefer, which is shown simultaneously at White Cube, Mason's Yard and at the Royal Academy of Arts in London.
Creates a permanent installation for the Musée du Louvre in Paris, the first living artist to do so since Georges Braque created a ceiling painting for the museum in 1953.
Awarded the Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels.
Triennale Bovisa in Milan presents the exhibition Kiefer e Mao che mille fiori fioriscano, curated by Germano Celant.
Has a solo show at Gagosian Gallery in Rome.
Monumental paintings and sculptures by Kiefer are shown at the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art in North Adams, Massachusetts.
Designs the stage set for Am Anfang (In the Beginning) and directs it at the Opéra National de Paris.
Has solo exhibitions at the Gagosian Gallery in New York; the Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen in Antwerp; the BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art in
Gateshead, UK; the Louisiana Museum for Moderne Kunst in Humlebaek, Denmark; the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art (MASS MoCA) in North Adams, Massachusetts; and the Galerie Yvon Lambert in Paris.
Invited by the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam in the Netherlands to create a work inspired by Rembrandt's The Nightwatch. The result is a spectacular La berceuse (for Van Gogh), which will be displayed at the Rijksmuseum on the occasion of the Kiefer & Rembrandt exhibition.
His work is shown at Fondazione Vedova in Venice, the White Cube in London, the Craig F. Starr Gallery in New York, and at Ivory Press in Madrid.