The Chinese Communist Party undertook until 1984 the Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign aimed at erasing the Western values which were supposedly undercutting people’s commitment to Communism: freedom, self-expression and artistic license.

Israel invaded Lebanon to expel the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) out of the south of this Western Asia country. China-Palestine ties were very close since Chairman Mao Zedong’s era to the extent that China recognized the State of Palestine in 1988.