Born on September 9.
Graduates with a degree in fine arts from Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York.
Serves in the United States Army. Posted to California, Japan, and Korea during the Korean War.
Moves to New York and enrolls in the Cartoonists and Illustrators School (later named the School of Visual Arts).
Works as a graphic designer in the studio of architect Ieoh Ming Pei, author of the famous pyramid of the Musée du Louvre.
Begins to work at the Museum of Modern Art in New York (first in the bookstore and then as a receptionist), where he meets artists including Dan Flavin, Robert Mangold, and Robert Ryman, as well as the art critic Lucy Lippard.
Has his first solo show, at John Daniels Gallery in New York. Creates his first modular pieces.