Born on April 25.
Studies at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.
Continues his studies at the Art Students League in New York, where he will meet Robert Rauschenberg.
Enrolls at Black Mountain College near Asheville, North Carolina, where his teachers are Franz Kline, Robert Motherwell, and Ben Shahn. Exhibits his work in a two-person show with Gandy Brodie at Kootz Gallery in New York.
Travels around Europe and Africa with Robert Rauschenberg.
Works as a cryptographer in the U.S. Army. Holds his first exhibition in Italy, at Galleria Via della Croce 71 in Rome. Has a two-person exhibition with Robert Rauschenberg at the Stable Gallery in New York.
Begins to create his first abstract sculptures, which he paints white.