Shadows | Andy Warhol | Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa
Past exhibition

Andy Warhol, the chronicler of an era, was known for admitting his “fondness for dull things”, which by the early 1960s corresponded to his use of photographic reproductions of found imagery culled from newspapers, magazines, and image archives. In 1978, at age 50, Warhol embarked upon the production of a monumental body of work titled Shadows with the assistance of his entourage at the Factory. These 102 silkscreened canvas panels formalized earlier explorations with abstraction. To locate the radical implications of Warhol’s Shadows, one must begin with the work’s form: this series was conceived as one painting in multiple parts, the final number of canvases determined by the dimensions of an exhibition space. In the first exhibition 83 canvases were installed edge to edge, a foot from the floor, in the order that Warhol’s assistants hung them.

The 102 canvases, all of them on view at the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, show Warhol’s signature palette of bright hues with cheerful excess. The backgrounds of these canvases were painted with a sponge mop, the streaks and trails left by the mop adding “gesture” to the picture plane. Seven or eight different screens were used to create Shadows, as evidenced in the slight shifts in scales of dark areas as well as the arbitrary presence of spots of light. The “shadows” alternate between positive and negative imprints as they march along the wall of the gallery.

Despite the apparent embrace of repetition, Warhol’s “machine method” is nothing but handmade. A significant and intriguing fact about Shadows is the irreproducibility of its assumed reproduction, a point that problematizes his infamous aesthetic of “plagiarism” and positions Warhol’s project as one that is primordially pictorial. Far from replicas, each Shadow corresponds to a form that reveals, with precision and self-awareness, its space, directing the viewer’s gaze to light, the central subject of the series. In focusing on the shadow to devise light—that is to say, sparks of color—Warhol returns to the quintessential problem of art: perception.

Organized by Dia Art Foundation


Andy Warhol
Shadows, 1978-79
Acrylic on canvas
102 paintings on canvas (all unframed)
Each canvas: 193 x 132 x 2.9 cm
Dia Art Foundation
Installation view, Dia: Beacon, Beacon, New York.
© 2015, The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc. / VEGAP
Photo: Bill Jacobson


Andy Warhol (1928-1987) frente a Sombras


1928 Born Andrew Warhola on August 6.


1945 Enrolls in the department of painting and design at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, graduating four years later.

1946 Receives the Martin B. Leisser Prize for his drawings on display at the Carnegie Institute’s Gallery of Fine Art.

1947 Begins to experiment with the blotted-linedrawing technique.

More about the artist

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In conjunction with Andy Warhol: Shadows, In Focus is the name we give to each Didaktika project created for the exhibitions presented in gallery 105. It explores key characteristics of Andy Warhol’s work, such as his unique use of colors, objects, and icons of American pop culture, and his frequent application of silkscreen printing techniques. You may experiment with the light and color of the audiovisual installation devised specifically for this In  Focus presentation.
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