Born on January 24.
At the age of eleven, receives a scholarship from the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles.
Studies briefly at the California School of Fine Arts in San Francisco. Enrolls at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, where he studies philosophy and modern French literature, graduating five years later.
Hears André Malraux speak about the Spanish Civil War at a large convention in San Francisco. Continues to study philosophy at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, but leaves after a year.
Takes a long trip around Europe. After studying for a summer in Grenoble, rents a studio in Paris.
Holds his first solo exhibition, at Galerie Raymond Duncan in Paris. Studies sporadically at the Académie Julian in Paris.
Moves to New York. Enrolls at Columbia University, where he studies art history with Meyer Schapiro.