Seascape | Gerhard Richter | Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa
Past exhibition

In 1968, the German artist Gerhard Richter painted the first of his works entitled Seascape (Seestück). Three decades and some twenty oil paintings separate that canvas from the last seascape painted by the artist, a work of 1998 belonging to the Collection of the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao. Down the years, those pictures adopted different sizes and formats, different colors and styles. An abstract seascape where the horizon line is barely intuited is followed by others where the photorealism of the sky is counterposed only by an ambiguous light. Immense skies occupy much of the canvas, and only on two occasions is their surface area surpassed by that of the sea. The horizon is stirred by formations of clouds or else is shown in absolute calm.

These works contain allusions to the epic character of the seascape, and also to what we can find in it that is either recognizable or deceptive. At the same time, they refer to tradition and to the act of breaking with it. A seascape by Richter is much more than a picture of the sea. It is an invitation to contemplate an illusion that breaks the rules of nature to make it more beautiful, more sublime, and above all, more perfect. These paintings start from a collage of two different photographs, one of the sky and the other of the sea, from which the ideal image is created―an illusory composition where there is something in the perspective and the light that entraps us. The flat surface, similar to that of photographs, is achieved through a technique of smearing the painting with squeegees that enables to apply highly diluted pigment.

Many authors relate these works by Gerhard Richter to the oeuvre of Caspar David Friedrich, and the artist himself said of this in an interview: "My landscapes have connections with Romanticism: sometimes I feel a genuine desire, an attraction, for that period, and some of my paintings are a tribute to Caspar David Friedrich." However, while both Friedrich's work and Richter's confront us with the sublimity of nature, the monumental scale of Friedrich's pictures is established through the human figures inserted in them, while in Richter's paintings it is the viewer who becomes the reference point that allows their scale to be deduced.



For the past four decades, Gerhard Richter (Dresden, Germany, 1932) has been considered as one of the most influential artists of our time. Moreover, he earned this recognition without adhering to a single particular style. His vast and variegated work includes sculptures and paintings, and his work in the latter covers a wide scope―from landscapes to abstractions in multiple colors or just shades of grey. The way in which the artist plays with painting conventions reflects his interest in observation itself and the models of perception we rely on to conceptualize the world around us.

More about the artist

Did you know that...?


Did you know Gerhard Richter prepares the large surfaces for his works manually? They look like photos, but in fact they are paintings Gerhard Richter (Dresden, Germany, 1932) produced over 20 seascapes between the late 1960s and 1998. Most of them are oil on canvas, but there are drawings too. In this artworks, Richter creates an illusion that could deceive the perception of those who contemplate it, by attributing photographic characteristics to his paintings.
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