Seascape | Gerhard Richter | Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa
Past exhibition

Gerhard Richter: Seascapes

05.23.2019 - 09.09.2019

In 1968, the German artist Gerhard Richter painted the first of his works entitled Seascape (Seestück). Three decades and some twenty oil paintings separate that canvas from the last seascape painted by the artist, a work of 1998 belonging to the Collection of the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao. Down the years, those pictures adopted different sizes and formats, different colors and styles. An abstract seascape where the horizon line is barely intuited is followed by others where the photorealism of the sky is counterposed only by an ambiguous light. Immense skies occupy much of the canvas, and only on two occasions is their surface area surpassed by that of the sea. The horizon is stirred by formations of clouds or else is shown in absolute calm.

These works contain allusions to the epic character of the seascape, and also to what we can find in it that is either recognizable or deceptive. At the same time, they refer to tradition and to the act of breaking with it. A seascape by Richter is much more than a picture of the sea. It is an invitation to contemplate an illusion that breaks the rules of nature to make it more beautiful, more sublime, and above all, more perfect. These paintings start from a collage of two different photographs, one of the sky and the other of the sea, from which the ideal image is created―an illusory composition where there is something in the perspective and the light that entraps us. The flat surface, similar to that of photographs, is achieved through a technique of smearing the painting with squeegees that enables to apply highly diluted pigment.


Many authors relate these works by Gerhard Richter to the oeuvre of Caspar David Friedrich, and the artist himself said of this in an interview: "My landscapes have connections with Romanticism: sometimes I feel a genuine desire, an attraction, for that period, and some of my paintings are a tribute to Caspar David Friedrich." However, while both Friedrich's work and Richter's confront us with the sublimity of nature, the monumental scale of Friedrich's pictures is established through the human figures inserted in them, while in Richter's paintings it is the viewer who becomes the reference point that allows their scale to be deduced.

The Exhibition

Seascape [Seestück)

Gerhard Richter
Seascape [Seestück], 1968
Oil on canvas
40 cm x 80 cm
Private collection
© Gerhard Richter 2019 (0058)

Seascape (grey)

Gerhard Richter
Seascape (grey) [Seestück (grau), 1969
Oil on canvas
70 cm x 70 cm
Private collection
© Gerhard Richter 2019 (0058).

Seascape (with Olive Clouds)

Gerhard Richter
Seascape (with Olive Clouds) [Seestück (oliv bewölkt)], 1969
Oil on canvas
80 x 100 cm
Private collection, Italy
© Gerhard Richter 2019 (0058)

Seascape (Green-grey, cloudy)

Gerhard Richter
Seascape (Green-grey, cloudy) [Seestück (grüngrau, bewölkt)], 1969
Oil on canvas
140 x 140 cm
Private collection
© Gerhard Richter 2019 (0058)

Seascape

Gerhard Richter
Seascape [Seestück], 1968
Oil on canvas
40 cm x 80 cm
Private collection
© Gerhard Richter 2019 (0058)

The Artist

Gerhard Richter | Artistas | Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa

Richter, Gerhard

Dresden, Germany, 1932

For the past four decades, Gerhard Richter (Dresden, Germany, 1932) has been considered as one of the most influential artists of our time. Moreover, he earned this recognition without adhering to a single particular style. His vast and...

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